Hemorrhoid symptoms may go away with diet and lifestyle modifications. You must, however, seek immediate medical care if your symptoms do not go away in a week or you experience symptoms such as severe anal pain and bleeding from the rectum, discomfort or pain in the abdomen, diarrhea, or fever.
Management of hemorrhoids includes the following:
- Eating fiber-rich foods
- Taking a stool softener or a fiber supplement such as psyllium and methylcellulose
- Drinking plenty of water and other nonalcoholic fluids as advised by the doctor
- Avoiding straining during bowel movements
- Avoiding sitting on the toilet for long periods
- Taking over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers
- Taking a warm bath or sitz bath several times a day. Sitz bath involves sitting in a tub of warm water.
- Applying OTC hemorrhoid creams and ointments or using suppositories (a medicine you insert into the rectum)
If home management for piles does not help, medical help is needed. Doctors may recommend a medical procedure for the treatment. These procedures include cutting off the blood supply to the hemorrhoid, which makes it shrink and go away. The procedures include the following:
- Rubber band ligation: In this procedure, the doctor places a special rubber band around the base of the hemorrhoid to cut off the blood supply.
- Sclerotherapy: It involves injecting a solution (sclerosant) into an internal hemorrhoid.
- Infrared photocoagulation: This procedure involves using a tool to direct light of a certain wavelength at an internal hemorrhoid to shrink it.
- Electrocoagulation: In this procedure, a doctor uses a special tool that sends an electric current into an internal hemorrhoid.
- Hemorrhoidectomy: It is a surgical procedure to remove large external hemorrhoids and prolapsing internal hemorrhoids (hemorrhoids that bulge out of the anus)
- Hemorrhoid stapling: In this procedure, the surgeon uses a special stapling tool to remove internal hemorrhoids and pull a prolapsing internal hemorrhoid back into the anus.
What are hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids, commonly called piles, are swollen, inflamed veins around the anus or lower part of the rectum (the terminal part of the large bowel). Hemorrhoids are common in both men and women. It is estimated that one in 20 Americans have hemorrhoids. They occur more commonly with age; around 50% of the Americans over 50 years of age are affected.
Hemorrhoids may be felt as tiny lumps in and around the anus. They may often get better on their own within a few days, but some may need medications and even surgery to go away. Hemorrhoids are of two main types:
- External hemorrhoids: They form under the skin around the anus.
- Internal hemorrhoids: They form in the lining of the anus and lower rectum.
Hemorrhoids may cause the following symptoms:
- Itching in and around the anus
- Hard, tender lumps felt at the bottom (anus)
- Anal pain, especially while sitting
- Bleeding from the rectum observed as bright red blood in the stool, on toilet paper, or in the toilet bowl after a bowel movement
- A bulging or swelling may be felt through the anus in case of a prolapsed hemorrhoid (a hemorrhoid that has bulged or fallen through the anal opening)
What causes hemorrhoids?
Piles or hemorrhoids generally happen when there is a lot of pressure on the veins around the anus. This raised pressure may happen because of the following reasons:
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Top How Do Hemorrhoids Go Away? Related Articles
Can You Pop a Hemorrhoid?Hemorrhoids or piles are swollen, inflamed veins around the anus or lower part of the rectum (the terminal part of the large bowel). They often get better on their own within a few days, but some may need medications and even surgery to go away. You must not pop a hemorrhoid because doing so can lead to painful and serious complications. You must always consult your doctor for a definitive diagnosis and treatment.
Do I Have Hemorrhoids or Rectal Prolapse?Learn more about the major differences between hemorrhoids and rectal prolapse and the kinds of treatment available.
Does Pushing a Hemorrhoid Back in Help?Hemorrhoids are very common and appear when the veins under the lining of the rectum and anus become swollen and bulge. Yes, you can push a hemorrhoid back in.
How Do You Know if You Have Hemorrhoid Symptoms or Something More Serious?Hemorrhoids are a painful inflammation of the skin and tissue surrounding the anus and rectum. Some symptoms of hemorrhoids are similar to symptoms of more serious conditions, like colon cancer. Learn what the symptoms are, how to treat them, and when to see a doctor.
Hemorrhoids (piles) are swollen veins in the rectum and anus. Causes include pregnancy, obesity, diarrhea, low-fiber diet, and prolonged sitting on the toilet. Treatment varies depending upon the severity of the hemorrhoids. Some treatment options include over-the-counter creams and suppositories, stool softeners, warm sitz baths, and hemorrhoidectomies.
How to Get Rid of Hemorrhoids: Types, Causes, and TreatmentsLearn how to get rid of hemorrhoids, the difference between internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids, what causes hemorrhoids, how long hemorrhoids last, and hemorrhoids treatment.
Hemorrhoids QuizDoes everyone have hemorrhoids? Test your knowledge of this and many other facts about Hemorrhoids.
How Do You Treat a Bleeding Hemorrhoid?Learn what medical treatments can ease your bleeding hemorrhoid symptoms and help you manage this condition.
How Should You Sleep With Hemorrhoids?Hemorrhoids happen when pressure causes veins in your rectum and anus to stretch, swell, and bulge. Sleep with hemorrhoids by pushing them back in, taking a sitz bath before bed, using topical creams and using other strategies.
What Happens If You Leave a Hemorrhoid Untreated?If you have mild hemorrhoids, leaving them alone can be fine. The swelling and discomfort will usually go away within a few days. Occasionally, though, there may be complications related to hemorrhoids.
What Should You Not Do if You Have Hemorrhoids?Swollen veins located in or around the anal canal are known as hemorrhoids. If you have hemorrhoids avoid foods that are fatty or low in fiber; don't pick at hemorrhoids; avoid lifting heavy objects; avoid stress and anxiety; and avoid overusing laxatives.
When Should You Go to the Doctor for Hemorrhoids?If you're dealing with painful or bleeding hemorrhoids, you're not alone. About one in 20 Americans have hemorrhoids, and that includes half of all adults over age 50.