Prostate Cancer

Medically Reviewed on 11/15/2021

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men after skin cancer.

  • Risk factors include age, family history, ethnicity, and diet.
  • Prostate cancer is diagnosed by a digital rectal exam, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, and prostate biopsy.
  • Symptoms may include
    • frequent need to urinate,
    • incontinence, pain,
    • blood in the urine,
    • fatigue, and more.
  • Prognosis and treatment depend on cancer staging.
    • Watchful waiting,
    • surgery,
    • radiation,
    • cryotherapy, and
    • other management strategies are available.
  • Research and clinical trials strive to find new and better treatments for prostate cancer.

Prostate Cancer Facts

Prostate cancer is a leading cause of cancer and cancer death in males; in some men, identifying it early may prevent or delay metastasis and death from prostate cancer.

  • The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that is a part of the male reproductive system that wraps around the male urethra at it exits the bladder.
  • Prostate cancer is common in men over 50 years of age, with the risk of developing prostate cancer increases with aging.
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