Trending Neurology Topics
A brain tumor can be benign or malignant, primary, or secondary. Causes and risk factors include age, gender, family history, and exposure to chemicals. Symptoms range from headaches, leg and feet numbness to seizures. Treatment is dependant upon the type and location of the brain tumor.
Watch this slideshow on strokes and learn about symptoms like sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arms, or legs, confusion, vision problems, problems with walking or coordination, or severe headache.
Find your Autism Spectrum Disorder IQ with this online quiz featuring answers to causes, symptoms, treatments, medications, and clues about ASD and Asperger syndrome.
Related Disease Conditions
Brain Aneurysm Warning Signs
Brain aneurysms may rarely cause any warning symptoms before they rupture. Symptoms may occur if the aneurysm is large or if it...
Early Warning Signs and Symptoms of Stroke (FAST)
Stroke is a serious medical condition. If you think you or someone you know is having a stroke call 911 immediately. There...
Abdominal Migraines in Children and Adults
Abdominal migraine in adults and children is a variant of migraine headaches. Abdominal migraine in children generally occurs in...
Abdominal Migraines in Children and Adults
MS (Multiple Sclerosis) vs. ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis) Differences and Similarities
ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Lou Gehrig's disease) and MS (multiple sclerosis) are both diseases of the nervous system...
Alternative Treatment for MS (CAM for MS)
The term alternative therapy, in general, is used to describe any medical treatment or intervention that has not been...
ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis) Symptoms, Causes, Life Expectancy
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, Lou Gehrig's disease) is a neurological disease that progresses rapidly. The disease attacks...
Aneurysm vs Stroke: Which Is Worse?
What is the difference between an aneurysm and a stroke?...
Aphasia is a condition that is the result of damage to portions of the brain. It can be caused by stroke, head injury, brain...
Arachnoiditis is a painful condition that is caused by the inflammation of the arachnoid, a membrane that protects the nerves of...
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital disorder of blood vessels in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord that is...
Ataxia is a lack of muscle coordination when a voluntary movement is attempted. There are many different types of ataxia...
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism in children and adults is a developmental disorder, characterized by impaired development in communication, social...
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) FAQs
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are developmental disorders that do not appear to be linked to vaccines. More people than ever...
A brain aneurysm (cerebral aneurysm) is caused by microscopic damage to artery walls, infections of the artery walls, tumors,...
A concussion is a short-lived loss of brain function that is due to head trauma. There are two types of concussion, simple and...
Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
Brain damage causes destruction or deterioration of brain cells. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acquired brain injury (ABI) are...
A brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke caused when an artery bursts in the brain, causing localized bleeding in the surrounding...
Brain Lesions (Lesions on the Brain)
A brain lesion is defined as an area of damaged brain. Brain lesions (lesions on the brain) are caused by trauma, inflammation, ...
A brain tumor can be either non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant), primary, or secondary. Common symptoms of a primary...
Can an Acoustic Neuroma Be Fatal?
An acoustic neuroma is a benign tumor that does not spread to other parts of the body. However, if left untreated, it can be...
Can Craniopharyngioma Be Cancerous?
Craniopharyngiomas are benign (noncancerous) brain tumors that are slow-growing and unlikely to spread. Only in very rare cases...
Can Drinking Water Help Prevent a Stroke?
Many studies have proven that proper hydration at the time of a stroke is linked to better stroke recovery. It is possible that...
Can Dystonia Be Cured?
Dystonia cannot be cured completely, but treatments can help reduce symptoms and slow down progression of the disease....
Can Nerve Damage Heal on Its Own?
Damage to nerves can be severe. Because of their structure and function, nerves do not heal as quickly as some body parts do,...
Can Peripheral Artery Disease Affect the Heart?
Peripheral artery disease is a condition in which extremities (usually the legs) do not receive sufficient blood flow due to the...
Can Stenosis of the Spine Be Cured?
Unfortunately, spinal stenosis cannot be cured, and nothing can stop or reverse the progression of spinal cord damage caused by...
Can the Vagus Nerve Cause Seizures?
The vagus nerve is an important pathway to the brain in addition to helping to control seizures. Stimulation of the vagus nerve...
Can You Be a Little Autistic?
No, there is no such thing as being a little autistic. Many people may show some characteristics of autism from time to time....
Can You Fully Recover From Guillain-Barre Syndrome?
Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) may last between 14 and 30 days and you may slowly recuperate from it. Usually, recovery takes 6...
Can You Heal a Damaged Brain?
Brain damage can be caused either by a traumatic brain injury (TBI) or acquired brain injury (ABI). You cannot heal a damaged...
Canavan disease is an inherited genetic disorder that typically causes death before 10 years of age. Signs and symptoms of the...
Cauda Equina Syndrome
Cauda equina syndrome is a medical emergency condition that is caused by the uncommon compression of the nerves at the end of the...
Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function and postural tone acquired at an early age (even before birth). Cerebral...
What Are the Characteristics and Symptoms of a Person With Asperger's?
Asperger's is an autistic disorder that affects how a person acts, talks, and behaves. Learn the characteristics and symptoms of...
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is one of the most common inherited neurological disorders. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease affects the...
Coma Causes and Glasgow Coma Scale
Coma is the inability to waken or react to the surrounding environment. The Glasgow Coma Scale is frequently used to measure the...
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Complex regional pain syndrome is a chronic pain condition in which high levels of nerve impulses are sent to an affected site is...
Neuromyelitis Optica (Devic's Syndrome)
Neuromyelitis optica (Devic's syndrome) is a disease of the CNS that affects the optic nerves and spinal cord. People with...
What Is the Difference Between a Seizure and a Convulsion?
Learn what the main difference between a seizure and a convulsion is, and how to recognize and treat either condition....
How Can You Tell the Difference Between Bell's Palsy and a Stroke?
Bell's palsy and stroke have similar symptoms, but they are two very different conditions. Learn more about what makes them...
What Is the Difference Between Ischemic Stroke and Hemorrhagic Stroke?
A stroke is a serious medical event that can have lasting consequences. Learn more about the two primary types of strokes and how...
What Are the Differences Between Anoxia and Hypoxia?
Anoxia and hypoxia are often used interchangeably, but they do refer to different things. Learn what the differences are....
Dizziness is a symptom that often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of dizziness...
Do Balance Disorders Go Away?
Generally, balance disorders last for a couple of days and the patient recovers slowly over 1 to 3 weeks. However, some patients...
Do Hemifacial Spasms Go Away?
Hemifacial spasm (HFS) or facial twitching typically does not go away without treatment. Learn about symptoms, causes, and...
Do Seizures Come in Clusters?
Yes, seizures can come in clusters. The term seizure clusters is used when three or more seizures that occur within 24 hours (or...
Does Alcohol Mess With Multiple Sclerosis?
Studies suggest that consuming alcohol may worsen some symptoms of multiple sclerosis, such as the following....
Does MS Medication Help With Fatigue?
While medications used to treat multiple sclerosis (MS) may not help ease fatigue, they may help with keeping the patient awake...
Does New Daily Persistent Headache Ever Go Away?
New daily persistent headache (NDPH) does not have a specific treatment, however, certain medication, behavioral therapy and...
Does NF1 Get Worse With Age?
NF1 can worsen with time, resulting in new growths over the body that cause major psychological and cosmetic issues. Regular...
Does NMO Cause Fatigue?
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) or Devic disease is a rare, autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord)....
Does NMO Show on MRI?
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) or Devic disease is a rare, autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Magnetic resonance...
Does Red Wine Help With MS?
Scientists do not fully understand how red wine affects multiple sclerosis (MS). Learn about the potential benefits and risks of...
Dystonia disorders cause involuntary movements and prolonged muscle contraction, resulting in twisting body motions, tremor, and...
Autism: Early Signs and Symptoms
Autism is known as a condition that falls under the category of the "autism spectrum disorders" because there is wide variation...
Early Signs of Autism
Autism is a developmental condition in which the brain does not process the sounds, sights, and smells like an average person....
Early Signs of Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive disease of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system). MS is an autoimmune...
Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of...
Encephalopathy vs Encephalitis: Differences
Encephalopathy is a clinical syndrome (a group of disorders) that damages the brain resulting in brain dysfunction....
Epilepsy and Seizures: How to Treat?
A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder where brain...
Face Blindness (Prosopagnosia)
Face blindness (prosopagnosia) is a condition that causes the inability to recognize faces. Face blindness may be caused by...
Bell's Palsy (Facial Nerve Problems)
Bell's palsy is one type of facial nerve paralysis. The seventh cranial nerve controls the muscles of the face, and although...
What Were Your First Signs and Symptoms of a Brain Tumor?
The symptoms of a tumor depend on how big it is and where it is in the brain. Some slow-growing tumors may not cause any symptoms...
Guillain-Barré syndrome is an autoimmune disease of the nervous system due to damage to the myelin sheath around nerves....
Head Injury (Brain Injury)
In the United States, head injuries are one of the most common causes of death and disability. Head injuries due to bleeding are...
How Can I Stop Feeling Dizzy?
Dizziness is typically resolved by treating the underlying medical condition and by following these simple steps....
How Can I Test Myself for Memory Loss?
You can test yourself for memory loss using online tests that can help you detect early signs of cognitive decline. Here are 6 at...
How Can You Prevent a Stroke From Happening?
Strokes occur due to the obstruction of blood flow to the brain. Some irreversible factors, such as age and family history, are...
How Do Brain Tumors Affect the Eyes?
Brain tumors can cause vision changes such as blurred vision, double vision, abnormal eye movements, squinting, and restricted...
How Do Doctors Evaluate Dizziness?
Dizziness is a feeling of lightheadedness, fainting or a mild feeling of imbalance. Vertigo is the feeling that the stationary...
How Do Seizures Differ From Epilepsy and Convulsion?
You can have a seizure without epilepsy, but you can’t have epilepsy without seizures. Convulsions are a type of seizure that...
How Do You Do the Epley Maneuver?
This is a series of steps you can do at home to help reposition the canalith (bone-like pieces inside the ear canals) and help...
How Do You Get Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) Disease?
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a congenital condition, which is a series of hereditary illnesses caused by a genetic fault...
How Do You Get Guillain-Barre Syndrome?
Although the exact cause of Guillain-Barre syndrome is not clearly known, many patients develop the condition after an infection...
How Do You Get Parkinson's Disease?
Parkinson's disease results from a lack of dopamine production in the brain, affecting a person's physical and mental abilities....
How Do You Get Rid of Pressure in Your Head?
There are a few causes of pressure in your brain including aneurysm, head or brain injury, excess cerebrospinal fluid, brain...
How Do You Get Tourette Syndrome?
While the exact cause of Tourette’s syndrome is unknown, a combination of genetic and environmental factors likely play a key...
How Do You Know When a Dementia Patient Is Dying?
When a dementia patient is close to dying, you may notice signs such as agitation, restlessness, moaning, and changes in...
How Do You Stop Multiple Seizures?
Seizures are a medical emergency. Whether the seizure is a first-time onset or a recurring episode, it is advisable to dial 911...
How Is MS Diagnosed?
There is no specific test for diagnosing multiple sclerosis. Instead, a complete neurological exam and medical history assessment...
How Is Syringomyelia Treated?
Syringomyelia is mainly treated with surgery that focuses on restoring the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or draining...
How Long Can You Live With ALS?
On average, a person with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) may live for about two to five years from the time of diagnosis....
How Long Can you Live With Muscular Dystrophy?
What is muscular dystrophy? Learn the signs of muscular dystrophy, what causes it, how doctors diagnose it, and how to treat it....
How Long Does Headache Last After Thunderclap?
Thunderclap headache is an extremely painful headache that begins suddenly and peaks with intensity within seconds. These...
How Long Does It Take to Get Lead Poisoning?
Lead poisoning usually takes months or years of exposure to a small amount of lead at home, work or daycare. When exposed to...
How Long Does the Final Stage of Dementia Last?
While it is difficult to predict how long the final stage of dementia will last, most patients survive for one to three years....
How Long Does the Meningitis Vaccine Last?
Learn how the meningitis vaccine works and how long it is effective....
How Serious Is a Meningioma?
While most meningiomas are benign and grow slowly, they can become serious if they grow large enough to press on nearby tissues,...
Huntington's disease is the result of degeneration of neurons in areas of the brain. Huntington's disease is an inherited...
Hydrocephalus is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain. The fluid is often under...
Inclusion Body Myositis (IBM)
Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is a progressive muscle disorder characterized by muscle inflammation, weakness, and atrophy...
Is a Banana Spider Bite Poisonous?
The banana spider is also known as the calico spider, golden silk spider, giant wood spider, Brazilian wandering spider or armed...
Is a Schwannoma Serious?
While schwannomas are benign tumors and rarely cancerous, they can sometimes result in nerve damage and a loss of muscle control....
Is ADHD Medication a Controlled Substance?
A majority of the medications commonly prescribed for ADHD are controlled substances regulated by the law. This means that the...
Is AFM Contagious?
Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) may spread from one person to another through mosquitoes. AFM may be caused by several different...
Is Arteriovenous Malformation Life-threatening?
Most arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are asymptomatic with about 10 to 15 percent of the total AVMs causing life-threatening...
Is Dystonia a Form of Parkinson's?
Dystonia can be one of the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD). PD is a long-term neurological movement disorder with various...
Is Exercise a Trigger for Migraines?
Vigorous exercise can trigger migraines for some people, possibly due to changes in blood vessel caliber. Here are 8 ways to...
Is Having a Chiari Malformation Life-Threatening?
Chiari malformation symptoms include vomiting, muscle weakness in the head and face, difficulty swallowing, varying degrees of...
Is MS Contagious? (Multiple Sclerosis)
Multiple sclerosis, or MS, is a degenerative disease of the covering around the nerves in the central nervous system (CNS)....
Is Parry–Romberg Syndrome an Autoimmune Disease?
An autoimmune mechanism is suspected for Parry-Romberg Syndrome (PRS), however, other research also links infectious diseases to...
Is Spinal Muscular Atrophy a Disability?
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a debilitating disease that can be classified as a disability if symptoms are severe enough to...
Is Spinal Muscular Atrophy Treatable?
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a type of motor neuron disease that is hereditary. Treatment of spinal muscular atrophy includes...
Is Spinal Stenosis a Serious Condition?
While spinal stenosis is not a serious condition in the initial stages, it can lead to serious and permanent damage if it becomes...
Is Vestibular Schwannoma a Type of Cancer?
Vestibular schwannoma or acoustic neuroma is a benign, slow-growing brain tumor that starts in the vestibulocochlear nerve, which...
Lead-based paint and lead contaminated dust are the main sources of exposure for lead in U.S. children. Lead-based paints were...
Left Brain vs. Right Brain (Characteristics, Differences, and Functions)
Are left brain vs. right brain theories myth or fact? They actually are a little of both! Scientists and researchers have tried...
Lewy Body Dementia (Dementia with Lewy Bodies)
Lewy body dementia (LBD or dementia with Lewy bodies) is one the most common causes of dementia. There are two types of LBD: 1)...
What Is the Life Expectancy of a Child With Dravet Syndrome?
Dravet syndrome is a rare, severe, and lifelong form of epilepsy (seizure disorder). Most people affected by this condition have...
What Is the Life Expectancy of Someone With Holoprosencephaly?
Children severely affected by holoprosencephaly typically do not live beyond early infancy, whereas mildly affected children...
Locked-in syndrome is a condition that causes paralysis and the inability to speak or move the face. A hemorrhage and blood clot...
MELAS syndrome, a rare form of dementia, stands for Mitochondrial Encephalopathy, Lactic Acidosis, and Stroke-like episodes....
Meralgia paresthetica is an entrapment or "pinching" of the nerve (lateral femoral cutaneous nerve) that supplies sensation to...
Mercury is a naturally occurring element found in water, soil, and the air. Mercury also is contained in some fish, some of the...
Migraines and Seizures (Symptoms, Auras, Medication)
Migraines are a type of headache and seizures are the main symptom of epilepsy. Migraine headaches and seizures are two...
Migraine and Stroke
Migraine headache is a type of headache in which the exact cause is not known; however, they may be inherited, and certain...
Migraine vs. Headache: Differences and Similarities
Headaches are the most common reason why a person goes to the doctor or other healthcare professional for treatment. There are...
Learn about mitochondrial disease, genetic disease in which include a group of neuromuscular diseases that are caused by damage...
What Is the Most Common Cause of a Subarachnoid Hemorrhage?
Head injury or a ruptured brain aneurysm is the most common cause of a subarachnoid hemorrhage. Learn about risk factors and...
Motion sickness is a feeling of unwellness caused by the inner ear and balance systems. Motion sickness can include sea sickness,...
What Causes Motor Fluctuations in Parkinson’s Disease?
Motor fluctuations in Parkinson’s disease are caused by drops in dopamine brain levels since your nerve cells can no longer make...
Moyamoya disease is an inherited (genetic) progressive cerebrovascular disorder caused by arteries that are blocked at the base...
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Symptoms and Treatments
Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms vary from person to person, and can last for days to months without periods of remission....
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Multiple sclerosis or MS is an autoimmune disorder in which brain and spinal cord nerve cells become demyelinated. This damage...
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Pregnancy
Multiple sclerosis or MS is a central nervous system disease in which the immune system attacks the myelin sheath (the protective...
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Early Warning Signs and Types
Multiple sclerosis (MS) can be thought of as an immune-mediated inflammatory process involving different areas of the central...
Myasthenia gravis, a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease. Varying degrees of weakness of the voluntary muscles of the body...
What Neurological Disorders Cause Loss of Bladder Control?
Loss of bladder control is urinary incontinence. Severity ranges from occasionally leaking urine while straining, coughing or...
Neuropathic pain is a chronic condition that leads to ongoing pain symptoms. Patients can be predisposed to developing...
Occipital Neuralgia (Headache)
Occipital neuralgia is a type of headache that involves inflammation or irritation of occipital nerves. Signs and symptoms...
Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurological disease characterized by a fixed inexpressive face, a tremor at rest,...
Parkinson's Disease Clinical Trials
Before participating in a clinical trial for Parkinson's disease consider the risks and the benefits. You should know about who...
Parkinson's Disease: Eating Right
Eating a well-balanced and nutritional diet is very beneficial to people with Parkinson's disease. With a proper diet, our...
Parry-Romberg syndrome is a rare disorder that is characterized by a slow progressive atrophy of the skin and soft tissues of...
Periodic Paralysis Syndrome
Periodic paralysis syndrome comprises several types of rare muscle diseases in which a person experiences temporary muscle...
Peripheral neuropathy is a problem with the functioning of the nerves outside of the spinal cord. Symptoms may include numbness,...
Frontotemporal Dementia (Pick's Disease and Semantic Dementia)
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a syndrome that is associated with shrinking of the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain....
Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a group of signs and symptoms that show up two to four decades after the initial polio infection....
Progressive Supranuclear Palsy
Progressive supranuclear palsy, or PSP, is a rare neurodegenerative disease that is often misdiagnosed as Parkinson's disease...
Pseudotumor Cerebri (Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension)
Pseudotumor Cerebri (intracranial hypertension) is a condition where there is an increase in pressure of fluid surrounding the...
Is Pseudotumor Cerebri the Same as Intracranial Hypertension?
Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) is also called idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). The condition causes symptoms similar to a...
Ramsay Hunt Syndrome
Ramsay Hunt syndrome is an infection of a facial nerve that causes a red painful rash with blisters and facial paralysis. Other...
Restless Leg Syndrome
Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a common cause for painful legs that typically eases with motion, and becomes worse and more...
Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which the person has seizures. There are two kinds of seizures, focal and generalized. There are...
Seizure vs. Seizure Disorders: What's the Difference?
Seizures and seizure disorders are not the same medical problems. A seizure happens when the electrical activity in the brain is...
Seizures Symptoms and Types
Seizures are divided into two categories: generalized and partial. Generalized seizures are produced by electrical impulses from...
Should I Go to the ER for a Migraine?
A migraine is a severe throbbing and pulsating headache that causes pain on one side of the head. A patient should visit an...
How Do You Know When an Alzheimer's Patient Is Dying?
Signs that a patient with Alzheimer's disease is close to the end of their life include restlessness, inability to speak or...
Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an inherited (genetic) disease that attacks motor neurons (nerve cells) in the spinal cord. As...
Stiff-Person syndrome is a neurological disorder associated with features of an autoimmune disease. Signs and symptoms of...
Stroke vs. Mini-Stroke (TIA) Differences
A stroke or "brain attack" occurs when a blood clot or artery ruptures within the brain. The rupture or clot causes...
What Are the Symptoms of Sensory Processing Disorder?
Sensory processing disorder (SPD) or sensory integration disorder is a collection of challenges that occur when sensations fail...
Tardive dyskinesia occurs after exposure to certain types of medication. The most common medications that can lead to tardive...
What Are the Five Most Important Hormonal Imbalances to Be Aware Of?
The five most important hormonal imbalances are diabetes, hypo- and hyperthyroidism, adrenal insufficiency, polycystic ovary...
Tourette syndrome is disorder, which symptoms include involuntary facial tics, motor tics, and vocal tics. The cause of Tourette...
How Do You Get Rid of Restless Leg Syndrome?
Restless Leg Syndrome is an often uncontrollable urge to twitch and move your legs – especially when sitting or lying down. It...
How Do I Get My Sciatic Nerve to Stop Hurting?
Sciatica or sciatic nerve pain is centered on the lower back, and the cause is usually from a ruptured disc in the spinal column...
Tremor is the involuntary movements of one or more parts of the body. Causes of tremor include neurological disorders,...
Pain that originates in the face is referred to as trigeminal neuralgia. This pain may be caused by: an injury, an infection...
Types of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Medications
Traumatic brain injury and related conditions, may require diuretics, anticonvulsants, sedatives, antidepressants, muscle...
What Can Trigger Vertigo?
Vertigo is the sensation of spinning or rocking, even when someone is at rest. Vertigo may be caused by a problem in the brain or...
Balance is a state of body equilibrium or stability. We often take for granted how dependent we are on a healthy balance system....
What Are 10 Signs of Vertigo?
Vertigo is a false sense of motion that can occur while you are still or while you are moving. Feelings that you or everything...
What Are 5 Symptoms of a Concussion?
The 5 primary symptoms of a concussion immediately following the injury include headache, nausea, drowsiness, altered mental...
What Are 6 Types of Concussions?
Learn the six types of concussions that clinicians use to classify brain injuries based on their symptoms....
What Are Cerebellar Symptoms?
Cerebellar disorders may result in symptoms such as incoordination, clumsiness and tremors in limbs, posture and gait....
What Are Examples of Cognitive Deficits?
Examples of cognitive deficits include memory difficulties, changes in behavior, mood swings, agitation, trouble learning, and...
What Are Examples of Dermatomes?
A dermatome is an area of skin supplied by a single spinal nerve. Problems in a specific dermatome can indicate problems with the...
What Are Nootropics?
Nootropics or smart drugs are nutritional supplements that enhance brain performance and mental functions....
What Are Some Symptoms of Dysgraphia?
Dysgraphia is a learning disorder. Some of the symptoms of dysgraphia include spelling words wrong, frequent erasing,...
What Are The 12 Cranial Nerves and Their Function?
Twelve cranial nerves extend from your brain to help control various motor functions. Find out more about what they do and how to...
What Are the 3 Main Types of Aphasia?
Aphasia is an acquired disorder that affects a person’s ability to communicate. Aphasia is an advanced stage of dysphasia. Here...
What Are the 3 Types of Meningitis?
Meningitis is a serious condition that needs medical attention. Learn about the 3 types of meningitis, what causes meningitis,...
What Are the 3 Types of Neurofibromatosis?
The 3 types of neurofibromatosis include neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2), and schwannomatosis...
What Are the 3 Types of Neuropathies?
The 3 types of neuropathies include peripheral neuropathy, focal neuropathy, and proximal mononeuropathy....
What Are the 5 Stages of Huntington’s Disease?
Huntington’s disease (HD) is a hereditary, progressive brain disorder characterized by uncontrolled movements, mental...
What Are the 5 Stages of Parkinson’s Disease?
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurological disease that affects movement. Learn about symptoms in each of the 5...
What Are the 6 Stages of Brain Development?
The 6 stages of brain development that happen in the first three years of your life have lasting impacts....
What Are the Causes of a Headache Behind the Eyes?
A headache behind the eyes is an uncomfortable sensation that is felt around or on the back of the eye, which may or may not be a...
What Are the Early Signs of Cerebral Palsy?
Early signs of cerebral palsy in a child include developmental delays, abnormal appearance, floppy or stiff muscle tone, abnormal...
What Are the Early Signs of Lead Poisoning?
Signs of lead poisoning vary depending on your age as well as both the duration and amount of lead exposure. Symptoms may include...
What Are the Very First Signs of Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory, neurodegenerative, and autoimmune disease that affects the brain and spinal cord of...
What Are Usually the First Signs of Muscular Dystrophy?
Depending on the type of muscular dystrophy, initial symptoms may include muscle weakness, difficulty walking, frequent falls,...
What Are the Four Types of Diabetic Neuropathy?
Diabetic neuropathy is a common complication of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Diabetic neuropathy can be extremely painful. It can...
Can a Person With Epilepsy Live a Normal Life?
Can a person with epilepsy live a normal life? What is epilepsy and what causes it? Learn the signs and symptoms of epilepsy,...
What Are the Newest Drugs for Parkinson’s?
Parkinson's disease is a brain disorder that causes movement problems like a slow, shuffling walk, loss of balance and...
What Are the Seven Stages of Lewy Body Dementia?
Lewy body dementia (LBD) or dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is associated with protein deposits in the brain that cause...
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Anoxia?
Anoxia occurs when the brain is deprived of oxygen. Learn the signs and symptoms of anoxia, its uses, how doctors diagnose it,...
What Are the Signs of PD in a Person?
Signs of Parkinson's disease (PD) include tremors, slowness of movement, muscle stiffness, balance problems, and nerve pain....
What Are the Symptoms of Arachnoiditis?
The Arachnoid membrane is a delicate layer that covers the brain and spinal cord. Arachnoiditis is a term for swelling of the...
What Are the Symptoms of Dysautonomia?
Dysautonomia is also called autonomic dysfunction or autonomic neuropathy. The symptoms of dysautonomia include fainting,...
What Are the Warning Signs of Epilepsy?
The warning signs of epilepsy are different for everyone, however, here are the most commonly reported symptoms of seizure...
What Causes Bell’s Palsy?
What causes Bell's palsy and how do you recognize it? Learn the signs of Bell's palsy and how doctors treat it....
What Causes Kleine Levin Syndrome?
Kleine Levin syndrome (KLS) is a rare neurological disorder characterized by episodes of the excessive need for sleep that occur...
What Causes Neuropathy?
Neuropathy is the damage or dysfunction of the nerves. Nerves are the fibers that transmit sensations to the brain or spinal...
What Causes Peripheral Neuropathy?
The nervous system has two main parts: the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The brain and...
What Causes SIADH?
SIADH is the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion. Several conditions can trigger abnormal ADH production,...
What Causes Tourette Syndrome?
The exact cause of Tourette syndrome isn't known. It is likely to be caused by an interplay between genetic and environmental...
What Do Ocular Migraines Indicate?
Ocular migraines are headaches that are accompanied by a temporary loss of vision in one eye, and they usually don’t indicate a...
What Do Seizures Feel Like?
If you have a seizure, you may feel strange, notice unusual smells, experience tingling, see flashing lights, or start...
What Do You Do for a Mild Concussion?
For a mild concussion, you should visit a doctor, rest, limit activities, engage in light exercise when appropriate, and take...
What Does a Pseudotumor Cerebri Headache Feel Like?
Pseudotumor cerebri headaches usually feel like a headache that occurs at the back of the head or behind the eyes. The pain...
What Does Dystonia Feel Like?
Dystonia is a movement disorder that causes involuntary, repetitive muscle contractions, making the body spasm and twist in...
What Does Electronystagmography Test For?
Electronystagmography (ENG) is a test that evaluates involuntary (not under conscious control) movements of the eyes (nystagmus)....
What Does Lead Poisoning Do To Adults?
Lead is a naturally occurring toxic metal found in the earth’s crust. Excess lead buildup in the body can cause lead poisoning....
What Does the Parietal Lobe Do?
The parietal lobe of the brain, also called the association cortex, is responsible for sensory processing, navigation and...
What Exactly Is Tourette Syndrome?
Tourette’s syndrome (TS) is a lifelong neurological disorder that starts more commonly during childhood between five and 10 years...
What Happens if the Corpus Callosum Is Damaged?
Damage to any part of the corpus callosum can lead to distorted or absent communication between the left and right hemispheres of...
What Is a Cluster Seizure?
Cluster seizures are episodes of increased seizure activity in which two or more seizures occur in 24 hours. Multiple seizures...
What Is a Person with Bipolar Disorder Like?
Bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness characterized by changes in mood, energy, and the ability to function. People with...
What Is an Endolymphatic Shunt?
An endolymphatic shunt is a surgical procedure that involves placing a small silicone tube in the inner ear to drain excess...
What Is Havana Syndrome?
What is Havana syndrome? Learn about the symptoms, potential causes, and treatment of this mysterious illness....
What Is the Most Effective Treatment for Parkinson's?
Parkinson’s disease is a brain disorder that causes movement problems like shaking, slow movements, muscle stiffness, and loss of...
What Are the Early Signs of Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the central nervous system (spinal cord and brain)...
What Is Rotary Chair Testing?
Rotary chair testing is performed to evaluate the vestibular system. The vestibular system includes structures of the inner ear,...
What Is Sclerosis in Multiple Sclerosis?
The medical term sclerosis refers to abnormal hardening of body tissue. In multiple sclerosis, there is a development of hard...
What Is Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)?
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a hereditary disorder characterized by progressive muscle weakening and atrophy that destroys...
What Is the Average Age at Which MS Is Diagnosed?
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is typically diagnosed between 20 to 40 years of age and affects women more than men....
What Is the Best Treatment for Parkinson’s Disease?
Parkinson's disease is the deterioration of brain nerves that control movement. Learn what medical treatments can help ease your...
What Is the Best Treatment for Vertigo?
Learn medical treatments to help ease your vertigo symptoms and speed up your recovery from vertigo....
What Is the Cerebrum and What Does It Control?
As a whole, the cerebrum is responsible for coordinating movement, thinking, reasoning, problem-solving, emotions, learning,...
What Is the First Sign of Huntington's Disease?
The first signs of Huntington's disease often appear when people are in their 30s or 40s and may include clumsiness, stumbling,...
What Is the Function of Endocannabinoids?
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a complex nerve cell signaling system that modulates the central nervous system’s function...
What Is the Hippocampus, and What Does It Do?
The hippocampus is a part of the brain that has many functions but is primarily associated with memory, learning, and emotion....
What Is the Life Expectancy of Someone With NMO?
Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO) is a rare inflammatory autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the optic nerve and the spinal cord,...
What Is the Main Cause of Cerebral Palsy?
Cerebral palsy is caused by abnormal brain development and is often seen at birth where there is a history of complicated labor....
What Is the Main Cause of Neuropathy?
Diabetes and physical injury (trauma), such as automobile accidents, falls, and medical procedures, are the most common causes of...
What Is the Most Common Head and Neck Cancer?
Cancer in the head and neck region may affect your mouth (oral cavity), tongue, parts of the throat (pharynx), nose or nasal...
What Is the Most Common Type of Brain Tumor?
Meningioma is the most common type of brain tumor and accounts for 30% of all brain tumors. Most are benign and slow-growing....
What Is the Role of the Hypothalamus?
The hypothalamus is a part of the midbrain. An important function of the hypothalamus is to link the nervous system to the...
What Is Usually the First Sign of ALS?
The earliest signs of neuromuscular disorder ankylosing spondylitis (ALS) usually include muscle weakness or stiffness...
What Mental Illness Is Similar to Dementia? Can It Be Bipolar?
Despite not being classified as a mental illness, here are four mental health disorders often mistaken for dementia due to their...
What Should You Do After a Concussion?
After seeking medical treatment for a concussion, you should continue to rest, stay hydrated, eat at regular times and avoid any...
What Triggers Dystonia?
The exact triggers of dystonia are not entirely known. However, researchers believe it can develop from genetic mutations, as a...
What Triggers Tonic Seizures?
Tonic seizures may result from a variety of health conditions, such as brain tumors and head injuries. Learn all the potential...
Which Is More Serious: Encephalitis or Meningitis?
What is the difference between encephalitis and meningitis?...
Which Signs and Symptoms Are Consistent With SIADH?
The most common cause of SIADH symptoms is hyponatremia (low sodium level), which can result in signs such as confusion, loss of...
Who Is Most Likely to Get Alzheimer’s?
Most people with Alzheimer’s are 65 years of age and older. One in 10 people who is 65 years old and older has Alzheimer’s. After...
Who Is Most Likely to Get Bell's Palsy?
Bell's palsy is temporary, unexplained paralysis or muscle weakness in your face, usually on one side. Bell's palsy is most...
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Autism Quiz: Test Your IQ of Autism Spectrum Disorder
Take the Autism Spectrum Disorder Quiz related to the causes, reasons, symptoms, treatment, diagnosis, and therapies for this...
Balance Disorders: Vertigo, Motion Sickness, Labyrinthitis, and More
What is vertigo? What causes dizziness? Understand different balance disorders and symptoms such as vertigo, motion sickness,...
Brain & Nervous System: Reasons Your Hands Are Shaking
Find out the possible causes of tremors in your hands, such as Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, and overactive thyroid,...
Brain and Nervous System: Brain-Boosting Beverages
These drinks might improve your energy level, cut down on brain fog, and help you concentrate....
Brain and Nervous System: Left-Handed vs. Right-Handed People
Right- and left-handed people can differ in very noticeable ways. Find out how and why....
Concussions & Brain Injuries: Symptoms, Tests, Treatment
Concussions are a common type of traumatic brain injury. Read more about symptoms of a concussion, how to treat head injuries,...
Epilepsy & Seizures Quiz: What Causes Seizures?
Do you know the difference between seizures and epilepsy? What are the types of seizures? Take the Epilepsy & Seizures Quiz to...
What Is Epilepsy? Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments
Learn about epilepsy symptoms and treatment for this seizure condition. Discover the definition of epilepsy, how epilepsy is...
Migraines and Headaches: 8 Surprising Health Benefits of Pet Ownership for Migraines
Is it healthy to own a pet when you have migraines? Learn more about the health benefits of dogs, cats, and other pets for people...
Migraines and Headaches: Remedies That Can Either Help or Hurt a Migraine
Which home remedies are good or bad for migraine headaches? Some can go either way. Learn more about getting migraine relief at...
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Multiple Sclerosis is a debilitating neurological condition. Take the MS Quiz to test your knowledge of the causes, symptoms,...
What Is Multiple Sclerosis? MS Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis
MS is an autoimmune disease that attacks the nerves of the central nervous system. Learn about multiple sclerosis (MS) causes,...
Celebrities With Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Learn about celebrities, such as Montel Williams and Jack Osbourne, who are living with multiple sclerosis....
Picture of Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms
Symptoms of multiple sclerosis may be single or multiple and may range from mild to severe in intensity and short to long in...
Picture of Nerve Fibers and Myelin Attack in MS
In multiple sclerosis, an agent such as a virus or foreign antigen, in theory, may alter or interact with the immune system so...
Parkinson's Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Stages, Treatment
Discover the symptoms, causes, stages, and treatment options for Parkinson's disease. Learn more about the stages of Parkinson's...
Parkinson's Disease Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Parkinson's disease is common among neurodegenerative disorders. Do you know how it works? The causes? The symptoms? Take the...
Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Restless leg syndrome (RLS), an annoying, sometimes painful disorder that keeps millions of people awake at night. What are the...
Restless Legs Syndrome: 16 Natural Remedies and Treatment for RLS
Restless legs syndrome treatment includes natural remedies that you can implement at home. Use exercise, sleep hygiene, and...
Multiple Sclerosis: Signs of Multiple Sclerosis Relapse
Signs of an MS relapse can vary in type and intensity. This WebMD slideshow lists some of the more common relapse symptoms....
Take the quiz and find out the causes, symptoms, treatments, and ways to prevent the confusing balance disorder called vertigo....
Weird Body Quirks: From Brain Freeze to Hiccupping
Ice cream brain freeze, hiccups, charley horses, vertigo--what's behind these weird body quirks anyway? Our experts explain...
Brain and Nervous System: What's Causing My Loss of Smell and Taste?
If you plug your nose, nothing tastes the same. Taste and smell issues are common with age and allergies, but they could also be...
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Baclofen Pump
- Botox to Treat Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
- Electromyogram (EMG)
- Endovascular Coiling
- Epilepsy Treatment
- What Would Be an Example of a Screening Test Used for Cognitive Impairment?
- Extratemporal Cortical Resection
- What Is the First Aid for Seizures?
- How Is a Lumbar Puncture Procedure Done?
- How Do They Do a Lumbar Puncture With an Ultrasound?
- How Is MRCP Different From MRI?
- How Long Does an Ulnar Nerve Block Last?
- How Painful is a Lumbar Puncture?
- How Successful Is Surgery for Epilepsy?
- Is Craniotomy a Serious Surgery?
- Multiple Subpial Transection
- What Do Nerve Conduction Studies and Electromyography Diagnose?
- Nerve Conduction Velocity Test
- What Is the Recovery Time for Trigeminal Neuralgia Surgery?
- What are the Risks and Complications of an Amygdalohippocampectomy?
- What Are the Side Effects of Stereotactic Radiosurgery?
- Surgical Options for Epilepsy
- Temporal Lobe Resection
- Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) for Seizures
- What Are Muscle Biopsy and Clinical and Laboratory Features of Neuromuscular Disease?
- What Are the Risks of Epilepsy Surgery?
- What Does a CT Head Scan Show?
- What Does an MS Attack Feel Like?
- What Happens During A Video EEG Test?
- What Is a Sural Nerve Block?
- What Is a Video EEG Test?
- What Is an Electroencephalogram Used For?
- What Is Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring?
- What Is the Purpose of Trepanation?
- What Is the Recovery Time for a Discectomy?
- What Is Ventriculoatrial Shunt Placement?
- Who Is at High Risk for Multiple Sclerosis?
- Altered Mental Status
- Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM)
- Asperger's Syndrome
- Bell's Palsy
- Brain Hemorrhage
- Brain Lesion
- Cluster Headache
- Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
- Face Blindness
- Frontotemporal Dementia
- Guillain-Barre Syndrome
- Huntington's Disease
- Loss of Speech
- Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
- Myasthenia Gravis
- Occipital Neuralgia
- Parkinson's Disease
- Progressive Supranuclear Palsy
- Pseudotumor Cerebri
- Shaking Hands (Hand Tremors)
- Spinal Headache
- Stiff-Person Syndrome
- Tension Headache
- Vocal Outbursts
- 8 Tips for Parents of Kids with Asperger's Syndrome
- What Are the Different Types of Epilepsy?
- Bell's Palsy Symptoms
- Candle Wicks Containing Lead
- Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE)
- Concussion Symptoms and Testing
- 21 Concussions Symptoms
- Does the weather affect neuritis?
- Guillain-Barre Syndrome Symptoms
- Head Injury Symptoms, Types, and Severity
- How Does Multiple Sclerosis Affect the Body?
- How Serious Is Multiple Sclerosis?
- Is MS passed on genetically?
- Multiple Sclerosis Treatment
- Nodding Syndrome Symptoms (Nodding Disease)
- Robin Williams and Lewy Body Dementia
- Seizure Symptoms: How to Assist the Victim
- Signs of Cerebral Palsy
- Sports and Concussions: What Are the Recommendations?
- Stroke Symptoms - Typical
- Surviving a Gunshot Wound to the Head
- Surviving a Stroke
- The Worst Headache of Your Life: Brain Hemorrhage Symptoms
- Motion Sickness: 10 Prevention Tips
- Vertigo Causes
- Vertigo Treatment
- What Are the Symptoms of Chorea?
- What Is a Cerebral Infarction?
- What Is the Treatment for Dravet Syndrome?
Medications & Supplements
- Acthar Gel (repository corticotropin)
- alemtuzumab (Campath)
- ambenonium - oral, Mytelase
- Aubagio (teriflunomide)
- Austedo (deutetrabenazine)
- baclofen (Gablofen, Lioresal)
- Bafiertam (monomethyl fumarate)
- Banzel (rufinamide)
- benztropine (Cogentin)
- betahistine (oral)
- onabotulinumtoxinA, Botox, Botox Cosmetic
- butalbital/acetaminophen/caffeine (Esgic, Fioricet)
- carbamazepine, Tegretol, Tegretol XR , Equetro, Carbatrol, Epitol, Teril
- Carnexiv (carbamazepine) Injection
- Cholinesterase Inhibitors (Side Effects, Uses, Interactions)
- Cogentin (benztropine) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Copaxone (glatiramer acetate)
- daclizumab (Zinbryta)
- dalfampridine, Ampyra
- Depakote (valproic acid) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- dimethyl fumarate (Tecfidera)
- Elepsia XR (levetiracetam)
- Emflaza (deflazacort)
- Epidiolex (cannabidiol)
- fingolimod (Gilenya)
- gabapentin (Neurontin)
- gabapentin enacarbil (Horizant, Gralise, Neurontin)
- glatiramer (Copaxone, Glatopa)
- Ingrezza (valbenazine)
- Avonex (interferon beta 1a injection)
- interferon beta-1a (Rebif)
- lamotrigine, Lamictal, Lamictal CD, Lamictal ODT, Lamictal XR
- Lemtrada (alemtuzumab)
- levetiracetam antiepileptic
- levetiracetam (Keppra)
- levodopa-carbidopa, Sinemet, Sinemet CR, Parcopa
- lidocaine injection (Xylocaine)
- Cladribine Oral Tablets (10mg) for Multiple Sclerosis
- Mayzent (siponimod)
- meclizine, Antivert, Bonine, Meni-D, Antrizine
- Myobloc (botulinum toxin)
- Nayzilam (midazolam)
- Neurontin (gabapentin) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- nimodipine - oral, Nymalize
- Nulibry (fosdenopterin)
- Nymalize (nimodipine)
- peginterferon beta-1a (Plegridy)
- phenytoin (Dilantin)
- Ponvory (ponesimod)
- pramipexole (Mirapex, Mirapex ER)
- Primidone (Mysoline) Side Effects, Dosage, and Uses
- pyridostigmine (Mestinon)
- rasagiline (Azilect)
- ropinirole (Requip)
- Roweepra (levetiracetam)
- Sabril (vigabatrin)
- Seizalam (midazolam) Injection
- selumetinib (Koselugo)
- Sesquient (fosphenytoin sodium)
- levetiracetam (Keppra) Side Effects
- Side Effects of Aubagio (teriflunomide)
- Side Effects of Azilect (rasagiline)
- Side Effects of Tegretol (carbamazepine)
- Side Effects of Zinbryta (daclizumab)
- Side Effects of Ampyra (dalfampridine)
- Side Effects of Dilantin (phenytoin)
- Side Effects of Tecfidera (dimethyl fumarate)
- Side Effects of Gilenya (fingolimod)
- Side Effects of Copaxone (glatiramer)
- Side Effects of Betaseron (interferon beta-1b)
- Side Effects of Rebif (interferon beta-1a)
- Side Effects of Lamictal (lamotrigine)
- Side Effects of Keppra (levetiracetam)
- Side Effects of Sinemet (carbidopa-levodopa)
- Side Effects of Lidoderm (lidocaine)
- Side Effects of Antivert (meclizine)
- Side Effects of Mestinon (pyridostigmine)
- Side Effects of Mirapex (pramipexole)
- Side Effects of Mysoline (primidone)
- Side Effects of Plegridy (peginterferon beta-1a)
- Side Effects of Requip (ropinorole)
- Side Effects of Zanaflex (tizanidine)
- Side Effects of Zonegran (zonisamide)
- succimer - oral, Chemet
- Sympazan (clobazam)
- Tecfidera (dimethyl fumarate)
- teriflunomide (Aubagio)
- tizanidine (Zanaflex)
- valproic acid, divalproex, Depakote, Depakote Sprinkle, Depakote ER, Depakene, Depacon, Stavzor
- vigabatrin - oral
- Vigadrone (vigabatrin)
- Viltepso (viltolarsen)
- Vimpat (lacosamide)
- Vumerity (diroximel)
- What Are the Side Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs?
- Who Is A Candidate for Thrombolytic Therapy?
- Xcopri (cenobamate)
- zonisamide (Zonegran)